8th Grade Science Vocab







Orbit
Orbit is an object moving around a different object

Which means you Orbit the middle of a merry go round when you ride it.
Tilt
Tilt is the angle between the object's axis of rotation and its plane of orbit

So if a beyblade spins 45° tilted to the side and is on a flat stadium its tilt is 45°.
Solar Energy
Solar Energy is the Light Energy from Mr.Sun which transforms into thermal energy of the object's it hits and temperature is a measurement of Thermal Energy.

That means whenever you go outside and are sweating like crazy that is thermal energy in action.
Intensity
The amount of Solar Energy the more direct the angle is the greater the intensity

The more direct the beam from your flashlight is the faster it will make a fire when your camping


Latitude
The distance a place is from the equator

Antarctica would have a greator latitude than kenya.
Seasons
The four quarers of a year marked by specific sunlight and climate patterns caused by Earth's Orientation to the sun

Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter.
Climate
A pattern in conditions like the temperature and percipitation.

The climate was rainy yesterday - not Climate
The climate has been rainy for over 9,000 years - Is Climate
Density
How closely packed the molecules are in a substance.

For example you have a greater density than air so you fall.


Salinity
The amount of dissolved salt in the water.

If you pour 1 gram of salt into lake Michigan it won't have much salinity but if you pour 1,000 tons of salt it would have a lot more salinity.
Thermal Energy
The energy that makes matter in objects move, it always goes from things with higher thermal energy to things with lower thermal energy.

If you put ice cubes in water it is the water transferring thermal energy into the ice cubes causing it to loose thermal energy and become colder.
Temperature
The measurement of thermal energy in an object, a way to compare different conditions like Warm, Cool, Cold, Boiling.

A hot substance has more thermal energy than a cold substance.
Absorption
Energy being transferred from the source into a different object.

When you're cold you turn on the heater and the thermal energy in from the heater is absorbed by you.


Convection Current
A cycle of water movement that happens because water moves from areas of high to low density.

If there are density differences there'll be a current.
Atmosphere
The gas layer between us on earth and outerspace, it's the most general term to describe where climate and weather exist.
Fluid
Any substance with no fixed space and will fill a confined space.

Both Liquids and Gasses are fluids.
Convection Cell
A cycle of movement in fluids created by differences in density, high density fluids flow towards low density fluids.

Convections happen in both Air and Water.


Humidity
The amount of water vapor in air.

Water vapor isn't visible but it makes condensation more likely causing visible phenomena like mist and clouds.
Condensation
When a liquid changes from a gas state (ex: vapor) to a liquid (ex: water).

When it rains water in clouds is going through Condensation.
Coriolis Effect
Because Earth rotates water currents curve to the right in the northern hemisphere and curve to the left in the southern hemisphere.
Ocean Gyre
Cicular ocean currents created by the Coriolis Effect.

Clockwise Patterns in the north and counter clockwise patterns in the south.


Prevailing Winds
Winds that blow from a dominent direction over earth's surface.

These winds happen because of the of atmosheric convection and the coriolis effect.
Evaporation
The change of molecules from a liquid state to a gas phase.

When you boil liquid it evaperates going from water to water vapor.
Precipitation
When condensation happens and water falls because of gravity.

Like when it rains or snows.
Specific Heat
How much energy it takes to raise the temperature of an object.

Water has a higher specific heat than land, so it takes longer for the temperature to change.


North American Continent
The continent of North america which you are on if your in west hills 8th grade science.
Continental Climate
A climate found in the interior of a continent, With lots of temperature changes and low amounts of rainfall.

Michigan has continental climate.
Marine Climate
Climate found on coasts and island regions, they have minimal temperature change high humidity and lots of rain fall.

California has Marine Climate.
Tropical Climate
Climate with warm to hot temperature year round, high humidity and lots of rainfall.

Areas by the equator typically have Tropical Climate.


Temperate Climate
These places have moderate levels of temperature and rainfall, with four seasons.

Typically in middle latitude (30°-60°) Regions.
Polar Climate
Areas with Cool to Cold temperatures year round, with short cool summers and long freezing winters.

Typically in areas with high latitude by the poles.


Orbit
Orbit is an object moving around a different object

Which means you Orbit the middle of a merry go round when you ride it.


Tilt
Tilt is the angle between the object's axis of rotation and its plane of orbit

So if a beyblade spins 45° tilted to the side and is on a flat stadium its tilt is 45°.


Solar Energy
Solar Energy is the Light Energy from Mr.Sun which transforms into thermal energy of the object's it hits and temperature is a measurement of Thermal Energy.

That means whenever you go outside and are sweating like crazy that is thermal energy in action.


Intensity
The amount of Solar Energy the more direct the angle is the greater the intensity

The more direct the beam from your flashlight is the faster it will make a fire when your camping


Latitude
The distance a place is from the equator

Antarctica would have a greator latitude than kenya.


Seasons
The four quarers of a year marked by specific sunlight and climate patterns caused by Earth's Orientation to the sun

Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter.


Climate
A pattern in conditions like the temperature and percipitation.

The climate was rainy yesterday - not Climate
The climate has been rainy for over 9,000 years - Is Climate


Density
How closely packed the molecules are in a substance.

For example you have a greater density than air so you fall.


Salinity
The amount of dissolved salt in the water.

If you pour 1 gram of salt into lake Michigan it won't have much salinity but if you pour 1,000 tons of salt it would have a lot more salinity.


Thermal Energy
The energy that makes matter in objects move, it always goes from things with higher thermal energy to things with lower thermal energy.

If you put ice cubes in water it is the water transferring thermal energy into the ice cubes causing it to loose thermal energy and become colder.


Temperature
The measurement of thermal energy in an object, a way to compare different conditions like Warm, Cool, Cold, Boiling.

A hot substance has more thermal energy than a cold substance.


Absorption
Energy being transferred from the source into a different object.

When you're cold you turn on the heater and the thermal energy in from the heater is absorbed by you.


Convection Current
A cycle of water movement that happens because water moves from areas of high to low density.

If there are density differences there'll be a current.


Atmosphere
The gas layer between us on earth and outerspace, it's the most general term to describe where climate and weather exist.


Fluid
Any substance with no fixed space and will fill a confined space.

Both Liquids and Gasses are fluids.


Convection Cell
A cycle of movement in fluids created by differences in density, high density fluids flow towards low density fluids.

Convections happen in both Air and Water.


Humidity
The amount of water vapor in air.

Water vapor isn't visible but it makes condensation more likely causing visible phenomena like mist and clouds.


Condensation
When a liquid changes from a gas state (ex: vapor) to a liquid (ex: water).

When it rains water in clouds is going through Condensation.


Coriolis Effect
Because Earth rotates water currents curve to the right in the northern hemisphere and curve to the left in the southern hemisphere.


Ocean Gyre
Cicular ocean currents created by the Coriolis Effect.

Clockwise Patterns in the north and counter clockwise patterns in the south.


Prevailing Winds
Winds that blow from a dominent direction over earth's surface.

These winds happen because of the of atmosheric convection and the coriolis effect.


Evaporation
The change of molecules from a liquid state to a gas phase.

When you boil liquid it evaperates going from water to water vapor.


Precipitation
When condensation happens and water falls because of gravity.

Like when it rains or snows.


Specific Heat
How much energy it takes to raise the temperature of an object.

Water has a higher specific heat than land, so it takes longer for the temperature to change.


North American Continent
The continent of North america which you are on if your in west hills 8th grade science.


Continental Climate
A climate found in the interior of a continent, With lots of temperature changes and low amounts of rainfall.

Michigan has continental climate.


Marine Climate
Climate found on coasts and island regions, they have minimal temperature change high humidity and lots of rain fall.

California has Marine Climate.


Tropical Climate
Climate with warm to hot temperature year round, high humidity and lots of rainfall.

Areas by the equator typically have Tropical Climate.


Temperate Climate
These places have moderate levels of temperature and rainfall, with four seasons.

Typically in middle latitude (30°-60°) Regions.


Polar Climate
Areas with Cool to Cold temperatures year round, with short cool summers and long freezing winters.

Typically in areas with high latitude by the poles.



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